Abnormal cell development on the surface of the cervix happens due to cervical abnormalities. This problem is also called cervical dysplasia. If left untreated, cervical cancer may develop from this illness. However, early discovery and therapy stop malignant cells from developing. Continue reading to learn more about this illness explained by Gynaecologist in Vikaspuri at UK Nursing Home in Delhi.

Cervical dysplasia: What is it?

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), sometimes referred to as cervical dysplasia, is a precancerous disease in which abnormal cells form on the surface of the cervix, which is the upper vaginal doorway to the uterus. The word “intraepithelial” implies that these atypical cells are limited to the cervix’s epithelial tissue, or surface layer. Even if the term “neoplasia” refers to aberrant cell development, you have to understand that these cells are only on the surface. To stop cervical cancer from spreading further in situations of cervical dysplasia, medication plus close observation may be necessary. Frequent cervical cancer tests also help in early detection of abnormalities.

Cervical dysplasia Classifications

The possibility that irregular cells may develop into cancer led to the classification of cervical dysplasia as mild, moderate, or severe in the past. However, a more recent categorization method evaluates the degree of these cells in the cervical epithelium to determine the severity of the condition. This approach uses a one-to-three scale to classify cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN):

About one-third of the epithelial thickness is impacted by abnormal cells (CIN 1).

A third to two-thirds of the epithelium is thought to be affected by abnormal cells (CIN 2).

More than two-thirds of the epithelium is made up of abnormal cells, according to CIN 3.

For CIN 2 and 3, therapy may be necessary to stop the development of cancer, whereas CIN 1 dysplasia frequently cures on its own without becoming cancerous.

Cervical dysplasia symptoms

Usually, cervical dysplasia shows no symptoms at all. It’s frequently identified by routine Pap smears, which show abnormal cells. Still, some people could encounter:

  • irregular staining in the vagina
  • spotting following a sexual encounter

Despite being unusual, these symptoms are worth addressing and might lead to additional testing by a gynae specialist. Frequent Pap screenings are essential for early detection of dysplasia, which allows for prompt intervention and therapy.

Cervical dysplasia causes

HPV infection, which is spread through sexual contact, is usually the cause of cervical dysplasia. There are more than 100 forms of HPV, and some strains — like HPV-16 and HPV-18 — affect cervical dysplasia more frequently than others.

Around 50% of HPV infections happen between the ages of 15 and 25, according to research, and over 75% of sexually active cisgender women may get the virus at some point. Cervical dysplasia is a result of irregular cell formation in some HPV infections, while the majority of infections heal without any problems.

Is dysplasia possible without HPV?

No, HPV infection is a need for the development of dysplasia. However, not everyone with HPV infection has dysplasia. Although certain characteristics may enhance vulnerability, the reasons for this variation are yet unknown. Among them are:

  • Age: People over 55 are more likely to have HPV infections, which increases their risk of dysplasia.
  • Smoking: The risk of cervical dysplasia is doubled by tobacco use.
  • Weakened Immune System: Immunosuppressive medications or conditions like HIV make it more difficult for the body to fight HPV infections, which increases the chance of dysplasia.


Cervical dysplasia is usually detected by your doctor during a standard Pap smear. The next step can be an in-office procedure called a colposcopy if abnormal cells are found.

During a colposcopy at the UK nursing home, your doctor looks for abnormal cells in your vaginal walls and cervix using a colposcope. A biopsy might be used to obtain tissue samples for additional analysis if it’s required.

A DNA test can also be suggested by your Gynaecologist to check for high-risk HPV strains linked to abnormalities in the cervical region.

Cervical dysplasia treatment

Cervical dysplasia treatment is based on severity, age, health, and individual preferences. However certain therapies can have an impact on subsequent pregnancies. See the gynaecology doctor in Vikaspurito go over your choices if you are pregnant or want to get pregnant. These are a few therapies:

  • Monitoring: In mild situations, routine monitoring may be all that’s needed to track any changes in cervical cells over time.
  • Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP): This technique uses a tiny wire loop heated by an electric current to remove irregular cervical tissue.
  • Cryotherapy: The process of freezing irregular cervical cells to kill them and promote the regeneration of healthy tissue.
  • Cone biopsy: The process of removing a cone-shaped sample of cervical tissue for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Can it be cured?

Yes, cervical dysplasia is effectively treated in about 90% of cases by removing or eliminating the irregular cells. Remember that cervical dysplasia sometimes progresses to become cancerous. If it advances, it does so gradually, giving medical intervention plenty of time.

While the discovery of precancerous cervical cells might be concerning, cancer is not always the result. Cervical cancer development can be stopped with early identification and treatment. Protect yourself against HPV to avoid cervical dysplasia. Essential preventative actions include being vaccinated, using safe sexual practices, and scheduling routine Pap smears with a trusted UK nursing home.

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